Friday, 30 October 2015

GE2015 campaign cost: $7.1m

PAP candidates spent $5.3m while the eight opposition parties' expenses totalled $1.8m
By Chong Zi Liang and Rachel Au-Yong, The Straits Times, 29 Oct 2015

Candidates in the general election (GE) held last month spent more than $7.1 million altogether, according to expenses submitted to the Elections Department.

People's Action Party (PAP) candidates spent $5.3 million on the 89 seats the party contested, while the expenses of the eight opposition parties contesting these seats totalled $1.8 million.

The Sept 11 GE saw the ruling party challenged in all seats for the first time since Independence. It won 83 out of 89 seats and 69.9 per cent of the votes.

In all, spending in this general election was about 30 per cent more than the $5.5 million in the 2011 polls. Still, the average spending per voter was below the maximum $4 that candidates were allowed, a sum that was raised this year from $3.50 in 2011.

The PAP spent $2.16 per voter and the opposition parties, 73 cents.

Candidates are required under the law to submit their election expenses to ensure accountability and transparency in campaign finance.

The biggest spender per voter was Minister for Culture, Community and Youth Grace Fu in Yuhua single member constituency: $2.97 on average. In all, she spent $67,114.

About two-thirds of her expenses were on "advertising and printing of promotional materials".

The expense records of the candidates show the wide variety of logistics needed to mount an electoral campaign.

These ran from the basics, such as posters, banners and stage backdrops, to high-tech equipment.

Staying connected was on top of the minds of at least two candidates. MacPherson SMC MP Tin Pei Ling and Social and Family Development Minister Tan Chuan-Jin, an MP for Marine Parade GRC, rented mobile Wi-Fi broadcasters for their campaign staff to stay online while on the go.

The PAP also paid about $1,500 for "influencer engagement", which the party's executive director and Marsiling-Yew Tee GRC MP Alex Yam said were payments for a "long-term public relations consultant who helps to generate ad hoc content for our Facebook page".

Some candidates opted to make their fliers and manifestos stand out. Fengshan SMC MP Cheryl Chan hired indie graphic design firm Sarah and Schooling to produce her manifesto, as well as her polling and calling cards. She spent a total of $3,050 on them, after discounts ranging between 60 per cent and 70 per cent.

Food and refreshments were also another staple on the bills. While many candidates paid for at least some of the meals of their volunteers, Bukit Panjang SMC MP Teo Ho Pin provided a catered buffet for lunch and dinner for all nine days of the campaign. He spent more than $12,000 on food and refreshments.

In Punggol East SMC, MP Charles Chong forked out $1,444.50 to print 18,000 "rebuttal fliers" that were probably on the disagreements between the PAP and the Workers' Party about the state of Punggol East's financial accounts.

The biggest opposition spender was Mountbatten candidate Jeannette Chong-Aruldoss, who chalked up a $52,547.69 bill, or $2.18 per voter on average. She was the sole opposition candidate to spend more than $2 per voter.

Her expenses included a candy floss machine at her rally ($600) and the filming and production of a video shot during Nomination Day and at a rally ($2,900).

The Singapore Democratic Party spent $1.30 per voter on average, the highest among all opposition parties. The Workers' Party was second, at 95 cents per voter, while the Singapore People's Party spent 69 cents per voter. Reform Party spent the least per voter: 19 cents.

The Sept 11 GE saw two independent candidates. They spent a total of $30,572, excluding the election deposits they lost for failing to secure at least 12.5 per cent of the vote in their constituencies.

One of them is Mr Samir Salim Neji, who stood in single-seat Bukit Batok. He spent $2,171.65, the lowest amount among all the candidates.

The money went to 50 campaign posters, 3,000 postcards, photo prints and petrol.

The other is Ms Han Hui Hui, who contested single-seat Radin Mas. She spent $28,400.50, more than the $18,962.04 Reform Party candidate Kumar Appavoo spent contesting the same seat.

People can inspect the candidates' expenses at the Elections Department for a period of six months, starting yesterday. They have to pay $2 for every candidate whose expenses they want to see.

GE2015: Walking the virtual ground ‘yields limited returns’
By Toh Ee Ming, TODAY, 29 Oct 2015

The various political parties may have spent more money on flashy marketing campaigns, artfully shot videos and carefully curated Facebook feeds during the Sept 11 General Election, but political-watchers remain sceptical that increased expenditure on such media engagement will necessarily translate into more votes for a party.

According to the campaigning expenses reports of all parties — which was opened for public inspection yesterday (Oct 28) — spending on media engagement was much higher compared to previous elections.

For example, the ruling People’s Action Party spent about S$1.679 million on advertising and printing of promotional materials — about 40 per cent more than in the 2011 polls.

Academics interviewed by TODAY agreed that this shift in spending reflected the parties’ belief in the power of marketing and brand management, especially given an increasingly wired and tech-savvy electorate. In the fight to win public votes, this is a “virtual ground that needs to be walked”, said Singapore Management University (SMU) law don Eugene Tan.

Established politicians can leverage on a strong social media presence to bolster their popularity, said Dr Woo Jun Jie of the Public Policy and Global Affairs Programme at Nanyang Technological University.

The academics pointed to Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong as being in a “class of his own” with the latter’s avid use of Facebook.

Likewise, social media can act as an important “bypass channel” for the Opposition, said Associate Professor Alan Chong from the S Rajaratnam School of International Studies. Since Opposition parties may not command as much space in the mainstream media, which is often perceived to be pro-Government, they can turn to the online sphere, a place which may “benefit the underdogs”.

The academics cited the Singapore Democratic Party’s savvy use of social media, where leader Chee Soon Juan, gained much exposure through a video of him singing the Hokkien song, If I Had A Million Dollars. “The SDP’s videos ... sought to humanise Dr Chee and endear him to viewers ... it appears to have achieved some level of success,” said Dr Woo.

In contrast, he described the Workers’ Party approach as more “subdued.” Still, despite the SDP spending more on social media engagement, it did not gain much traction in the General Election, the academics noted.

Ultimately, said Dr Woo, trust and confidence built through walking the ground still plays a vital role in helping politicians to secure a large margin of victory,.

He pointed out that the online engagement is also more likely to benefit the ruling party, which has a strong grassroots presence, as opposed to Opposition parties. These parties did not do as well in the recent polls due to “insufficient grassroots engagement and perceived lack of competency in parliamentary debates”, Dr Woo said.

Looking ahead to the next General Election, the academics foresee a rise in the use of social media among the older generation. Already, some older voters are using messaging apps, such as WhatsApp or Line, to share political articles with their circle of friends.

However, conventional outreach methods, such as Meet-the-People sessions, and having a presence on the ground are still imperative, they added. Social media might even become less effective, as candidates jostle for space and attention in an increasingly saturated online sphere, they added.

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