Wednesday, 3 June 2015

Jurong Town Hall gazetted a national monument

By Amelia Tan, The Straits Times, 2 Jun 2015

JURONG Town Hall has become the first conserved building to be gazetted a national monument.

The National Heritage Board (NHB) said in a statement yesterday that Jurong Town Hall's national monument status ensures its historical features will be accorded the highest level of legal protection.

In 2005, the hall was awarded conservation status by the Urban Redevelopment Authority in recognition of the historical significance that it had played in Singapore's economic and industrial progress.

Share the good news as we welcome our 69th National Monument!Gazetted today, Jurong Town Hall is an iconic testimony...
Posted by National Heritage Board on Tuesday, June 2, 2015

Located in Jurong East, it was once the headquarters for Jurong Town Corporation (JTC), which was formed in 1968 to develop Jurong.

JTC played a leading role in developing Singapore's first industrial estate and spearheaded Singapore's industrialisation drive.

Built based on the winning entry submitted by local firm Architects Team 3 in an architectural design competition, the futuristic building consists of two elongated parallel blocks of unequal length connected by bridges, reminiscent of a ship, with a 50m-high digital clock tower serving as the "mast". It was completed in 1974.

There are more than 7,000 conserved buildings here chosen for their historical and architectural value, but Jurong Town Hall is the first to be elevated to the ranks of national monuments, and in the same league as the Cathay Building, MacDonald House and City Hall.

NHB said the hall's change in status to national monument ensures that it will be protected.

"(The hall) will undergo a regular cycle of inspections to ensure its proper upkeep," said the board.

Ms Jean Wee, director of NHB's preservation of sites and monuments division, said the board had made a conscious decision to preserve landmarks other than colonial buildings.

"After 50 years, what helps define us is our heritage and our attitude towards wanting to discover it and preserve it," she added.

Jurong Town Hall 'a baby' among national monuments
NHB says it was built during nascent years of Singapore's industrialisation
By Chew Hui Min, The Straits Times, 3 Jun 2015

JURONG Town Hall, which was gazetted a national monument yesterday, turned 40 this year.

Officially opened in 1975, it is a mere "baby" among the 69 national monuments, which include the 180-year-old Jamae Mosque in South Bridge Road, and colonial buildings like the former Parliament House, which was built in 1827.

Hence, some were surprised by the National Heritage Board's (NHB's) decision to designate the former headquarters of the Jurong Town Corporation (JTC) a national monument.

Property agent Jarvis Goh, who lived in the area for more than a decade in the 1980s, said he was unaware of the historical significance of the building.

"The shape is quite prominent. If you see it, you will definitely notice it," said Mr Goh, 35. "But it never occurred to me that it would be a national monument."

The NHB said the building, which was awarded conservation status in 2005, was elevated to a national monument because of its national significance.

It was built during Singapore's "nascent years of industrialisation", and was the work of a pioneering group of local architects, said the NHB.

The former JTC oversaw the rapid industrialisation of Singapore from the boldly designed building, which some say resembles a ship or a submarine.

After the statutory board, now known as JTC Corporation, relocated to the nearby JTC Summit in 2000, Jurong Town Hall was leased out to technology firms and renamed iHub.

It has reverted to its original name and will be home to the new Trade Association Hub, opening in 2017.

Besides its historical significance, the building is deemed unusual from an architectural perspective.

"Till today, it's still very futuristic and iconic in its architectural language," said Mr Theodore Chan, 55, the immediate past president and ambassador-at-large of the Singapore Institute of Architects.

Its inverted design is a clever device to provide shade in the tropics, said Mr Chan, adding that there is "no other building like it".

Its principal architect, Datuk Lim Chong Keat, also designed the Singapore Conference Hall, another post-war era national monument.

The concert hall and Jurong Town Hall are among just seven national monuments built after World War II.

While the NHB has made a conscious effort to begin preserving post-war buildings, most Singaporeans still have the impression that national monuments consist of colonial buildings, churches, temples and mosques, said experts.

It may be harder for people to see the historical value of modern buildings, said heritage blogger Jerome Lim, 50.

There were calls to preserve buildings from the 1960s such as the National Theatre and the old National Library, which were both demolished, but they are usually places which people "made memories in", he added.

Singapore Heritage Society honorary secretary Yeo Kang Shua suggested that "Singapore may want to look at other legally unprotected buildings that can plug the gaps in our architectural heritage".

Buildings from that era that merit protection include the Pearl Bank Apartments, People's Park Complex, Golden Mile Complex and even the Science Centre, he said.

Speaker of Parliament Halimah Yacob, an MP for Jurong GRC, thought the history of Jurong Town Hall could be made more accessible.

"A building is just a building, but information about its past, like how it planted the seeds of industrialisation in Jurong, and more stories about its history can be shared," she said. "It helps to jog people's memories, and see how it is linked to their past."

For architect Raymond Woo, 75, the building brings back fond memories.

Then 28, he was among a group of young architects from local firm Architects Team 3 who worked on Jurong Town Hall under the tutelage of Datuk Lim. Their design beat more than 30 entries in a nationwide contest.

Mr Woo went on to design the Science Centre, which has a striking resemblance to Jurong Town Hall.

"The building gives you a feeling of forwardness," he said. "It is simple but the spaces are beautifully arranged, and the design is monumental in nature."

How a national monument is born
By Chew Hui Min, The Straits Times, 3 Jun 2015
- THE Preservation of Sites and Monuments (PSM), a division under the National Heritage Board, advises the Government on the preservation of sites and buildings of national significance.
- National monuments are legally protected by the Preservation of Monuments Act, and all works on them must be approved by PSM.
- It is the highest order of preservation status in Singapore.
- Besides the architectural merits and historical value of the building, the national significance of the structure is a critical factor in the gazetting of national monuments.
- There have been 69 national monuments gazetted since 1973.
- They include St Andrew's Cathedral (rebuilt 1856-64), Thian Hock Keng temple (1839-42), Sultan Mosque (rebuilt 1924-28), Raffles Hotel (1887-1907), City Hall (1926-29) and the Cathay Building (1939).
- Jurong Town Hall, officially opened in 1975, is the "youngest" on the list.
- The second "youngest" national monument is Chung Cheng High School (Main), which was built in 1968.
- The oldest building on the list is the former Parliament House and Annex Building, built between 1826 and 1827.

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