Tuesday, 5 October 2021

Can Ivermectin be used to treat COVID-19?

Grandmother hospitalised after taking drug for parasite infestations to ‘protect herself’ against COVID-19
She did so on advice of church friends, who told her to avoid mRNA vaccines as they were 'against God's will'
By Osmond Chia, The Straits Times, 4 Oct 2021

A 65-year-old retiree fell violently ill and has been hospitalised after taking a drug meant to treat parasite infestations on the urging of her church friends to protect herself from Covid-19.

Madam Wong Lee Tak had taken four 3mg tablets of ivermectin over two days. She became ill on Friday (Oct 1), believed to be her second day of taking the prescription drug.

She suffered a 39.3 deg C fever, inflammation on her joints and would "vomit violently" after eating food, said her daughter Vanessa Koh, 32.

"I couldn't get her to eat anything. She had some oats to eat before she took medicine, but she vomited everything violently. It just exploded out of her mouth," Ms Koh told The Straits Times on Monday (Oct 4).

She took her mother to Sengkang General Hospital on Friday (Oct 1), where she remains hospitalised in stable condition.

The family initially thought that Madam Wong was suffering from side-effects to her first jab of the Sinopharm vaccine that she took on Sept 23.

Ms Koh said it had taken months of heated persuasion to convince her mother to get vaccinated, as a group of close friends from the Church of the Risen Christ had urged her not to get vaccinated with the mRNA vaccines as it was against God.

"We got into quite a lot of quarrels because she didn't want to be vaccinated," said Ms Koh, who works in a bank.

"It was such a strain on my family as with all her conditions, (my mother) is a sure-hit if she gets the virus."

Madam Wong has diabetes and high blood pressure, which makes her vulnerable to severe illness, said Ms Koh.

In the end, her mother chose to get the Chinese Sinopharm vaccine.

While it did not have the highest efficacy rate against Covid-19, it was better than nothing for her mother, said Ms Koh, who felt it was important that her mother get protected.

She said her one-year-old son was looked after by her mother during the day.

"My son could feel something was not right with my mum on Friday when she kept lying on the bed. When we didn't let him near her, he wanted to cry," said Ms Koh, whose father is now looking after her son.

"Today, he kept going to the study room, hoping to find her sitting there."

While looking after her mother when her symptoms first surfaced, Ms Koh found messages on her mother's phone, which revealed that a church member had taken orders for purchases of 1,000 ivermectin pills for $110.

A photo of a table recommending the drug's dosage by body weight for "prophylaxis and treatment of Covid-19" was sent by another member.

Ivermectin cannot be purchased over the counter but is usually prescribed by a doctor to treat head lice and other infestations. It is also used in large quantities to treat animals such as dogs and horses for heartworm and parasites.

A cautionary note on the packaging said the pills were not to be sold by retail without the prescription of a registered medical practitioner.

Ivermectin garnered attention late last year after early research indicated its potential in treating Covid-19, but the World Health Organisation in March warned that evidence was inconclusive and more studies were needed.

Ms Koh said she confronted her mother, who revealed she had purchased nine boxes of some 1,000 pills, which she hid in her study room.

"It was like carrying out my own mini drug raid. But when I asked my mother about why she is taking this, she can't tell me anything that is scientifically sound," said Ms Koh.

Her mother told her she had taken ivermectin as she believed the vaccine was useless.

"I know she just wants to say that vaccines are Satanic. She and her friends are not interested in science."

In Madam Wong's text messages, one church friend had told her, "don't allow Satan to win" and that the virus was a test of faith.

Ms Koh said she had never met the group members, and that they have not contacted her or her mother since she fell ill.

The group administrators have since removed her mother from the Telegram chats and erased all conversations with her, she added.

"They shouldn't pretend that they are experts. They told her to get ivermectin, but now my mother is suffering alone.

"(These friends) have been a pain to the family for a long time, but this time it was a step too far," said Ms Koh, who posted about her mother's ordeal on Facebook on Sunday, along with photos of her mother's text conversations with various church friends.

In response to Ms Koh's post, parish priest Edward Lim from the Church of the Risen Christ said on Facebook that the church was aware that one of its parishioners had been hospitalised after ingesting ivermectin on the advice of some church friends.

He said: "We would like to advise everyone to protect themselves from the Covid-19 virus by taking officially prescribed safety measures available to them. Only accept vaccines approved by the authorities which are made available at accredited centres authorised to administer the jabs."

He also clarified that while the decision to be vaccinated is a personal choice, all followers were encouraged to get vaccinated "for the greater good of the community".

He also quoted Archbishop William Goh, the head of the Roman Catholic Church in Singapore as saying: “We all have a moral duty to protect our health, and a similar moral duty to pursue the common good of the health of everyone in society. Vaccination seems to be the best means available to us now to prevent the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic.”

*  POFMA correction direction issued to Truth Warriors website over COVID-19 false claims
By Lim Yan Liang, Assistant News Editor, The Straits Times, 25 Oct 2021

The Ministry of Health (MOH) has invoked Singapore's fake news law against a local website for false claims about the effectiveness of Covid-19 vaccines, and the safety and efficacy of ivermectin in preventing and treating Covid-19.

Health Minister Ong Ye Kung instructed the Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act (POFMA) Office to issue a correction direction to the Truth Warriors website, MOH said on Sunday (Oct 24).

This means the website is required to publish the correction notice at the top of each webpage containing the falsehoods.

Among the false claims that have to carry the notice are that vaccinated countries have the most cases and deaths per million population, and the least vaccinated countries have the fewest cases and deaths per million population.

The website has also stated that vaccines do not prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Latest available data also does not support the claim that countries with the highest vaccination rates have the highest cases and deaths per million population, said the ministry.

Instead, that some countries with the lowest vaccination rates also have low reported Covid-19 deaths is likely due to poor record collection for both vaccinations and deaths, said MOH.

And while the vaccines do not completely stop viral transmission, they do reduce the risk of transmission, as vaccinated persons are less likely to transmit the virus than an unvaccinated person, it added.

It is also false to suggest that the vaccine does not boost the immune system in its fight against the virus, said MOH.

"The vaccines cause the body to produce antibodies and immune cells that act against the virus and, in effect, kill it," it said.

MOH also debunked claims made by the website about the effectiveness of ivermectin in preventing Covid-19 infection, and that the medication is safe and effective for use against the virus, even by pregnant women.

The website's claims have been cited and circulated by some here to promote the use of ivermectin in preventing and treating Covid-19.

"Ivermectin is a prescription-only medicine registered in Singapore specifically for the treatment of parasitic worm infections," said the ministry.

"It is not an anti-viral medicine and is not approved by the Health Sciences Authority (HSA) for preventing or treating Covid-19."

MOH urged members of the public to visit its website for the latest information on Covid-19. Vaccine serious adverse event statistics are published by the HSA in monthly safety updates, and information about ivermectin can be found on the authority's website.


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