Tuesday, 23 February 2016

Big drop in number of teen pregnancies

Figure at 25-year low; social workers say teens now more savvy about using contraceptives
The Straits Times, 22 Feb 2016

The number of teenage girls getting pregnant in the past decade has dropped massively, and it is not because fewer of them are having sex.

Instead, social workers say, it is because today's teens are more savvy about using contraceptives.

There were 359 babies born to girls aged 19 and under last year. This is the lowest in 25 years, going by checks of the Report on Registration of Births and Deaths published annually by the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority.

The numbers last year are also less than half the 853 babies born to teen mums in 2005, and 12 per cent lower than in 2014.

Separately, Health Ministry figures show that the number of girls under 20 who terminated their pregnancies has also plummeted.

There were 449 abortions performed on such girls in 2014. This is about a third of the 1,341 abortions in 2004, and 22 per cent fewer than in 2013.

In fact, births and abortions by teenagers have fallen year on year in the past five years.

The abortion figures for 2015 are not available yet, while the birth statistics for 2015 are provisional.

Teen pregnancy was in the spotlight recently when an 18-year-old father placed his newborn son in an SG50 bag outside his parents' flat, passing him off as an abandoned baby. His girlfriend is only 14 years old and the couple did not know what to do with the baby.

Social workers say today's wired youth pick up information about contraception from their peers and online sources.

Some girls even share birth control pills with their friends, knowing their boyfriends may not want to wear a condom, said Ms Lena Teo, assistant director of counselling at the Children-at-Risk Empowerment Association (CARE Singapore).

"Anecdotally, I think more teens are having sex and they are also more open about sharing with us about sexuality matters. They just got smarter about preventing pregnancy," she added.

Sexuality education programmes in schools could also have played a part in reducing teen pregnancies, social workers said.

While the emphasis is still on abstinence and how to say no to having premarital sex, topics such as sexually transmitted diseases and condoms are also discussed.

While fewer teens are becoming pregnant, those in that condition still need support.

Social workers said such girls are afraid to tell their parents, are unsure what to do, and have no means of bringing up their children by themselves even if they wanted to.

Their boyfriends may have left them after learning about the pregnancy, or may be just as helpless as the girls.

Said Mrs Christina Vejan, executive director of Babes Pregnancy Crisis Support, which specialises in helping teens: "Teenage pregnancy is still a taboo and teens have to deal with the shame of it."

Social workers say many of the pregnant teens they see give birth as they find out too late in their pregnancy to abort.

In Singapore, abortion is allowed only for pregnancies of up to 24 weeks. Parental consent is also not needed before a teenager is allowed to have an abortion.

Some teens may not know they are pregnant, even after their baby bulge starts to show.

Said Mrs Vejan: "They are in denial as they don't want to confirm they are pregnant. If they find out they are pregnant, they have to face the matter."

Those who choose to give birth often do so because they cannot bear to abort due to religious or personal beliefs, and have support from their families or boyfriends to raise the baby, said Ms Jennifer Heng, director of Dayspring New Life Centre.

The 359 babies born to teens last year amount to almost a baby a day. Though the figure has dropped, some social workers feel that it is still too high.

Dr Carol Balhetchet, senior director for youth services at the Singapore Children's Society, said: "Teens are not emotionally or mentally ready to be parents. So one baby born a day to a teen mum is still one too many."


If you are a pregnant teen and need help, call the following helplines run by charities:

• Babes on 8111-3535

• Pregnancy Crisis Service on 6339-9770

Teenagers starting to have sex at a younger age, say social workers
By Theresa Tan, The Straits Times, 22 Feb 2016

She was 12 years old and in Primary 6 when she got pregnant, giving birth last year.

She insisted on keeping the baby despite her parents' objections, as she could not bear to terminate the pregnancy.

Her boyfriend was 14 and her parents are looking after the baby.

Social workers who cited the case when interviewed by The Straits Times were quick to add that this was a rare case of the youngest mother they had seen.

A check with the Report on Registration of Births and Deaths, published annually by the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority, showed that in the past decade, fewer than 3 per cent of all the babies born to teens had mothers who were aged under 15.

But social workers said they are noticing that some teens are starting to have sex at a younger age and have multiple sexual partners.

Dr Carol Balhetchet, senior director for youth services at the Singapore Children's Society, has spent the last 19 years working with young people. She said she has encountered teens these days who became sexually active as young as 12 or 13 years of age, compared with 15 or 16 years old a decade ago.

Social workers say teens are starting to have sex at a younger age because they are exposed to sex and sexuality issues online earlier. They also reach puberty earlier.

Amanda (not her real name), 15, resisted her 18-year-old boyfriend's sexual advances several times but finally gave in as she was afraid of losing him. They "did not think" about the consequences and did not use contraceptives, she said.

She found herself pregnant last year. Said the Secondary 3 student: "I didn't know how to face my mum when I found out I was pregnant. I didn't want to burden or disappoint her as I'm her only child."

She was so afraid her mother, who is divorced and working in the travel industry, would find out about her pregnancy that she did not go to a doctor for an abortion. Instead, her boyfriend bought her pills from Malaysia that induced a miscarriage.

Parental consent is not needed before a teenager is allowed to have an abortion.

Said a Health Ministry spokesman: "Given that many teenagers who go for an abortion may not have the necessary family support, there are concerns that some may be driven to backstreet abortions if we are to mandate parental consent for teenage abortions."

But girls under 16 are referred to the Health Promotion Board Counselling Centre for pre-abortion counselling, and are encouraged to discuss the decision with their parents.

What teens ask about sex when their questions are anonymous:
Posted by TED on Thursday, February 25, 2016

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